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MUNICIPALITY GLAVINIZA

Glavinitsa Municipality is situated in the north-east part of Republic of Bulgaria. In accordance with the country’s administrative-territorial division, it belongs to the region of Silistra.
The municipality lies on a territory of 481 m2. 271260 decares agricultural resources and 138 641 decares timber resources belong to it. There are 23 settlements within the municipality covering on area of 71099 decares. Prevailing altitude above sea level ranged between 200 to 300 m. The municipality’s lay is cut through dry valleys under which underground rivers flow.
There are 18 artificial lakes and a marsh located in the municipality.

MUNICIPALITY GLAVINIZA
Glavinitsa Municipality is situated in place with a temperate welcoming climate. The average monthly temperatures are not over 25°C and below 1°C. The average annual temperature is 12.4°C. The average absolute minimal temperature for a year reaches -1°C, and of January -15°C. The average maximum temperatures reach 24.7°C, and during July reach 35°C. The absolute minimal temperatures are about -18°C, whereat the lowest is in February -12.8°C. The spring sets in early – during the first half of March. At that time a relatively stable weather comes and the temperature of the air remains above 5°C.
The rainfall total quantity is 645.5 liters in the Town of Glavinitsa (Weather Service - Kubrat) and is exceptionally even distributed throughout a year. The maximum rainfall (70.9 and 82.9 l/m2) is in May and June, and the rainfall minimum is in October (32.3 l/m2). During the period of active vegetation of winter-crops and spring-crops - April and July, fall about 40-41% (264.8 l) rains of the total rainfalls which assures very good water security of plants and obtaining high results from the cultures grown. During the period of active vegetation earthling up cultures (maize, sunflower) fall 57-58% (371.5 l) of the total annual rainfalls, which provides a full generous potentialities of the cultures and hybrids grown.
The period autumn-winter-early spring is not waterless - 274.0 l, or 42.5%, which provides good conditions for growth and becoming ripe of the autumn crops.
No considerable differences occur concerning the relative air humidity during each one of the year’s seasons. The air humidity is ranged from 68.5 to 69.1% during the period April-September, between 80.8 - 81.1% during autumn-winter period, and the average annual relative atmosphere humidity is 75.0%..
Soils
Within the region of municipality there are the following kinds of soil: black earth, leached black earth, podzoled black earth, diluvial-meadow, and anthropogenic.
Mineral Resources
According to data of former investigations there are no deposits and ledges of ore minerals within the region, and as seems there are no expectations of finding ore minerals. Among non-metalliferous minerals there is limestone which is used for building material production.

Water Resources
Danube River constitutes the north border of the Glavinitsa Municipality. There are 18 artificial lakes in the municipality and a marsh. Malak Preslavets marsh is one of the natural landmarks in that region

Timber Resources
The municipal timber resources cover 138 641 decares, and 18 000 decares of that area is a municipal property. Coniferous wood takes 805 decares, and broad-leaved wood and high-stem - 30 288 decares. There are also mixed forests in the municipal territory. The main parts of the wood massifs are located around Glavinitsa ranged from 4 to 20 km. Our well developed road infrastructure and favourable lay facilitate forestry activities. There are no impenetrable wood due to a ground inaccessibility that is the entire territory is easy accessible for transporting a timber obtained, as well as in view to all forestry activities, including the forests safeguard.

Natural Landmarks
Malak Preslavets marsh is located at 412th km near to Danube River, within 3-4 km away from the village bearing the same name, and about 20 km to the west of Srebarna Lake. Its east side is neighboring on agricultural lands, its south end is traced out by broad-leaved and mixed wood, to the west there is a dike, which separates it from the river, and the north side is traced out by a road that leads from the village to the port. The marsh has a total area of 38.5 hectare. It is necessary to draw attention to its structure which is very much alike Srebarna Lake. There is a very interesting geological history about it. About a million years ago the north-east parts of the Danube plain is already a dry land.
   
   
The lake was formed on that land thanks to erosive activity of the quaternary river, which leached existing sends. They are unstable and non-cohesive, easily destructible and disposed to landslide and leaching. This process extends the river’s outflow and decreases the stream speed, and sands taken formed sandy hair. The marsh has a wide water mirror and a small flooding terrace, which increases when water increases. At the present time, superficially water streams are the sources of water which supplies the marsh, probably also underground water.
Its water surface is above the average level of Danube River. Its depth reaches 5 meters at its north-west part. The bottom slope near its south part is about 2 degrees, which causes sudden changes in the area of water upon thinly increasing of water. Around the marsh there are the plant species: Chicory, Borage, Red Clover, Lemna, Wolffia Àrhiza, Spirodela Polyrrhyza, Ceratophylum Demersum, Water Buttercup, Narrow-leaved and Broad-leaved Bulrush and there is the plant undoubtedly number one in the marsh – Madonna-lily. The bird world is the richest one during the spring and summer. There can be found: Long-maned Egret, Small and Big Egret, Heron, Dumb Swan, Chlidonias Hybridus. Throughout the whole year there could be seen: Reed Circus, Buzzard, Meadow Circus, Blackbird, Falcon, Fulica Àtra, whose presence proves the marsh water cleanness, Ferruginous Duck, Great Crested Grebe, Teal (Anas querquedula), Cormorant, Ardeidae, etc. Malak Preslavets marsh was announced to be a natural landmark by Order ¹ 310 from April 19, 1986 issued by KOPS. No investigation of the biological diversity has been made within that region.
Infrastructure
The first class roads are in good repair around the territory of the Glavinitsa Municipality. 23 settlements belong to the territory of the Glavinitsa Municipality, 22 of which are villages and 1 is a town.
There are 2 catchments in the territory of the Glavinits Municipality. They has a capacity of 1.5 l/sec. Deep-drilling wells are 18, distributed by the settlements. The municipality has a well developed communication network as well as properly set up power supply.
Business / Companies, determining the economic structure of the region
The major manufacture enterprises and resources of Glavinitsa Municipality are situated in 16 settlements. The major business funds, production warehouses, transport and other structures are situated in the Town of Glavinitsa. The most number of the existing workshops have been closed; building fund and the equipment of some of them were already sold.
In Glavinitsa Municipality operates industrial company – “Stroytehnika” JSC. In view to the number of employed people and capacity of manufactured production, it can be numbered among the category small-sized and middle-sized companies. “Stroytehnika” JSC is a joint-stock company with two-level form of management, managed by Supervisory Board and Managing Council. The following entities are shareholders with it: “Dobrudzha Holding” JSC, “Glavinitsainvest” JSC, Ministry of Industry, “Evrohold” JSC as well as physical persons. “Stroytehnika” JSC is a leader in manufacturing of air and piston compressors, tubing scaffolding ties and slaking lime tackle in Republic of Bulgaria.
On the basis of home and foreign compressor units, a wide range of compressor equipment is being manufactured at output from 245 to 2340 l / min, with a maximum pressure 15 bar ; tubing scaffolding ties; slaking lime tackles – ÂÒ-2; dustbins having a capacity of 3m3 and 4 m3; coal-burning stoves, types - “Chudo” and “Kamina”; trading stands manufacturing. The manufacturing structure of the company made up of five production sections: cutting out department, press, machine, welding, assembly hall. Compressor outfit are designed for compressed air production of specified pressure. They are applied in manufacturing factories, construction sites, service-stations, repair shops, for operating of pneumatic machines, devices and equipment. They are designed in view to satisfy the various needs of different users. That range of compressors includes the following models: mobile and fixed, with or with out air-collection device. The technological section making tubing scaffolding ties was opened in 1970, but extensions, improvements, and reconstructions were made latter. The annual production capacity tubing scaffolding ties is 100 000 pieces. A production load of the assembly line section for manufacturing tubing scaffolding ties is 30 %. In case of additional needs the production capacity can be increased. The company applies active innovation policy based on adopting of new high quality products. Having an own resources of developing new products is a great advantage upon pursuing that policy. The innovation and marketing policy of the company on home market is designed for keeping and widening their traditional market niche: high quality product at reasonable prices.
The total number of employees of “Stroytehnika” JSC is 40 persons. There is a possibility of increasing the number of company’s employees proportionally to the manufactured production volume. The company is situated on area of 80 decares, and 10 decares of which is covered area. There is also a possibility of clearing 3 decares covered area more by reorganizing the machine park and manufacturing shops. Production made by “Stroytehnika” JSC is intended for sale in home market as well as in foreign market. The company management applies its strategy for making its way into market of Turkey and Macedonia and other countries around the Balkan Peninsula; an opening of trade agency in Republic of Turkey is coming.
"Parvi May" JSC has manufacturing activities. This company manufactures furniture, fence nets, sport nets, fleecy rugs, and industrial articles. It also offers woodworking services, carter’s and smith’s services, fitter’s and other services.
"Start 97" Ltd., Town of Glavinitsa carries out production activities in the sphere of bakery and bread-making.
"Agrostroy-94" Manufacturing Co-operation, Town of Glavinitsa makes concrete and lime solutions.
"Apolo-33" Ltd., Town of Glavinitsa produces cheese.
"Syarov" SP, Town of Glavinitsa is a manufacturer in the sphere of furniture making: tables, chairs, dog houses, baskets and other articles made from osier.
"Prima-Veselin Vasilev" SP, village of Zafirovo is acting in the sphere of bread-making.
"Klasis" SP, village of Kalugerene is producing bread and cheese.

At the present moment a number of former plants do not operate: Wood-processing factory, Vegetable and Fruit Canning factory, etc. Because of the municipality is characterized as an agricultural region, it is recommendable of establishing small-sized and middle-sized enterprises designed for food, wine and tobacco industries. There are hundreds decares of apricot-trees and vineyards in the territory of the municipality.
Recreation and Tourism
No hotels, recreation centers, attraction halls, and a natural park in the territory of the municipality. Rural tourism is also undeveloped
Protected areas

The marsh located near to the village of Malak Preslavets is protected area. Its protection was announced by Order ¹ ÐÄ – 411 dated from April 28, 2004 of the Minister of Environment (promulgated in State Gazette, issue 48 / 04.06.2004).

 
 
 
 
Landmarks
Malak Preslavets marsh is located at 412th km near to Dunabe River, within 3-4 km away from the village bearing the same name, and about 20 km to the west of Srebarna Lake and is separated from Danube River by dike. Its east side is neighboring on agricultural lands, its south end is traced out by mixed wood, to the west there is a dike, which separates it from the river, and the north side is traced out by a road that leads from the village to the port. The marsh has a total area of 38.5 hectare. It is necessary to draw attention to its structure which is very much alike Srebarna Lake. There is a very interesting geological history about it. About a million years ago the north-east parts of the Danube plain already became a dry land.

The lake was formed on that land thanks to erosive activity of the quaternary river, which leached existing sends. They are unstable and non-cohesive, easily destructible and disposed to landslide and leaching. This process extends the river’s outflow and decreases the stream speed, and sands taken formed sandy hair. The marsh has a wide water mirror and a small flooding terrace, which increases when water increases.

Climate in this region can be characterized through a cold snowy winter, during which the marsh gets frozen. Summer is hot and dry and the marsh loses some quantity of its water. Due to the plain lay and wide bleakness to the north, cold winds blow without hindrance throughout the winter. The average temperature in January is about -22, -23 Ñ. There are high summer temperatures, but the average are between 22 and 26 Ñ, and the highest 35 - 38 Ñ. Rainfall quantity amounts to 560 mm. Prolonged mists are typical for the late autumn and early spring. A frost during the spring and autumn is among the non-periodical climatic phenomenon in this place.

At the present time, superficially water streams are the sources of water which supplies the marsh, probably also underground water. Its water surface is above the average level of Danube River. Its depth reaches 5 meters at its north-west part. The bottom slope near its south part reaches about 2 degrees, which causes sudden changes in the water area even upon thinly increasing of water. Around the marsh there are the vegetation species: Chicory, Borage, Red Clover, Lemna, Wolffia Àrhiza, Spirodela Polyrrhyza, Ceratophylum Demersum, Water Buttercup, Narrow-leaved and Broad-leaved Bulrush and there is the plant undoubtedly number one in the marsh – Madonna-lily. The bird world is the richest one during the spring and summer. There can be found: Long-maned Egret, Small and Big Egret, Heron, Dumb Swan, Chlidonias Hybridus. Throughout the whole year there could be seen: Reed Circus, Buzzard, Meadow Circus, Blackbird, Falcon, Fulica Àtra, whose presence proves the marsh water cleanness, Ferruginous Duck, Great Crested Grebe, Teal (Anas querquedula), Cormorant, Ardeidae, etc. Malak Preslavets marsh was announced to be a natural landmark by Order ¹ 310 from April 19, 1986 issued by KOPS. No investigation of the biological diversity is made within that region.

   
 
 
Investment Profile Considerable Fulfilled Investments

Real estate property prices are comparatively conducive to encouraging investor’s interest. And the municipality is ready to render the assistance needed. Small projects are being carried out. But their results do not have an effect on the local economy. During the current year, concession agreements have been successfully concluded in respect of operating 10 water units.

Untenanted Municipal Property Including Plots and Buildings, Proper for Investment Purposes

The municipality Îáùèíàòà has at its disposal free municipal parcels within the town-planning schemes of the settlements. There are non built-up properties appropriate for investments in the Town of Glavinitsa, Village of Zafirovo, etc. with area from 5000 m2 to 16000 m2, located among good infrastructure and communications – 10 km to second-class road, 20 km to a port at Dunabe River, 35 km distance to railway station and airport. It is appropriate for building small-sized and middle-sized enterprises of textile, chemistry and processing industries.
   
Contact Address
BG 7630 Glavinitsa,
44, Vitosha Str.
E-Mail: oa-gl.bg@infotel.bg
Internet: www.glavinitsa.bg
Phone +359 8581 – 2040

Fax: +359 8581 - 2259

Contact Personalities:
1. Mr. Dimiter Syarov – deputy mayor, Phone +359 8581 2246, Mobile +359 88 787 47 60,
2. Mr. Shaban Veli Osman – IT specialist, Phone +359 8581 2149,
E-Mail: oa-gl.bg@infotel.bg